Tuesday, April 28, 2015

Moulmein rosewood (মনিমালা ফুল) - Millettia peguensis

Bengali Name : Monimala ful (মণিমালা / মনিমালা ফুল), মিলেশিয়া, Tuma (তূমা).
Common Name : Moulmein rosewood, Jewels on a String, Millettia.
Botanical Name : Millettia peguensis
Synonym : Millettia ovalifolia
Family : Fabaceae






এই ফুলকে প্রথম দেখি রমনা পার্কে। বেশ কিছু গাছের সারি আছে রমনায়। সমস্ত গাছটাই গোলাপী ফুলে ছেয়ে ছিলো। পত্রঝরা বৃক্ষ হওয়ায় এই গাছে কোনো পাতা ছিলনা। শুধু ফুল আর ফুল। এই ফুলের নাম মনিমালা / মণিমালা। গাছের দিকে তাকালে মনে হবে অসংখ্য ছোট ছোট মালা ঝুলে আছে। প্রতিটি মালার সাথে ছোট ছোট শিম ফুলের মতন দেখতে ফুল যুক্ত হয়ে আছে, যেন মুক্তার মতন। একদম স্বার্থক নামকরণ, মনিমালা। আরো একটি নাম আছে, মিলেশিয়া। এই নামটা গাছটার বৈজ্ঞানিক নামের 'গণ' থেকে নেয়া। সব সময়ই গাছ থেকে টুপটুপ করে ফুল ঝরে পড়তে থাকে। গাছের নিচটায় ছেয়ে থাকে ছোট ছোট ফুলে।





Today I am going to introduce with a flower that is having a delicate blossom and the tree gets showered by myriad of flowers. Its name is Moulmein rosewood, Millettia, Jewels on a string, etc. This flower is native to the Myanmar. But later spread into the South and East Asian region. In Bangladesh we call this as Monimala (মনিমালা/মণিমালা), Mileshia (মিলেশিয়া), Tuma (তূমা), etc. I don't know who has given the Bengali name Monimala (মনিমালা/মণিমালা), but it is a perfect name for the flower, and also it goes with the literal translation of the English name 'Jewels on a string' [later I came to know that the name was given by the great professor Dwijen Sarma (দ্বিজেন শর্মা)]. Botanical name of this flower is Millettia peguensis with several synonyms. It belongs to the pea plant family Fabaceae.





Millettia (মনিমালা) is a small-medium sized deciduous plant. Leafs are imparipinnate (odd pinnate) and having 5-7 leaflets. Leaflets are small and ovate-elliptic shaped. It is mainly an ornamental flowering plant that usually seen around the parks, roadsides, etc. It drops all its leafs during Winter and brings millions of flower on the tree during Spring.





Millettia (মনিমালা) brings the one of the most attractive blooming flowers from many in Bangladesh. The flower is similar to any pea flower as the plant belongs to the pea family Fabaceae. Flower blooms as a cluster. During the blooming season (February-April) the tree gets totally covered with only the flowers. Small flowers use to hang around a long raceme that erects from the branches. Small flowers are purple in color with having an upper and a lower lip. Inside the base of the flower it has a tiny amount of touch of yellow and white. The bract of the flower is maroon in color. Flower converts into a legume fruit afterwards.





I have seen this flowering plant blooming at the Romna park, Dhaka (রমনা পার্ক, ঢাকা). Initially I thought it was a Gliricidia (Mexican lilac). But later I came to know that both were different species. The flower buds of the Millettia (মনিমালা) is totally different than the Gliricidia. The buds are less thick, less curvy for the Millettia (মনিমালা), but it is more thick and more curvy for the Gliricidia flower. Besides, the Millettia (মনিমালা) uses to hang around the raceme in such a way that they looks like a set of pearls are hanging around a garland.





The blooming season for the plant is very short. It brings numerous flowers on the tree, that's why during the blooming season you'll find the ground is covered with fallen flowers. Before withering the flower turns into mauve in color on the ground. At one morning I was walking at the Romna park (রমনা পার্ক) and found a corner was having 8-10 such trees and all were blooming profusely. The whole tree was in total purple and the ground was covered with as same. I have taken a sit on the bench under the tree. As it was early in the morning, the flowers were still resting on the bench as well. I have experienced the flowers were dropping on me from the tree very frequently.



























































Photos of this article were taken from the Romna park, Dhaka (রমনা পার্ক, ঢাকা). It was my regular visit to the park during March 2015.


This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog http://icwow.blogspot.com/



Monday, April 27, 2015

Naogaon: Satyapir Bhita (সত্যপীর ভিটা)

Saturday, 18 May 2013





Inside the Paharpur Bouddho Bihar (পাহাড়পুর বৌদ্ধ বিহার) we have a very small unnoticed architecture that is known as Satyapir Bhita (সত্যপীর ভিটা). After entering inside the premise this object will be on the left side of the gate. We do not have that much historical information regarding this thing, only the measurement and this sort of things are available.





Probably the guy Satyapir (সত্যপীর) was a local inhabitant from the area and its name is taken after that guy. But in reality the place existed even before that guy. In fact the architecture signifies the place is related to the Buddhist bihara (বৌদ্ধ বিহার). Lot of statue (including bronze) have been discovered during the excavation along with old pottery things. But still the actual history of this is unknown to us.





How to Go:

Satyapir Bhita (সত্যপীর ভিটা) resides inside the great Paharpur bihar (পাহারপুর বৌদ্ধ বিহার). And there are several ways to visit this place. We have visited this Satyapir Bhita (সত্যপীর ভিটা) after visiting the Hinda-Koshba Shahi Mosjid (হিন্দা-কসবা শাহী মসজিদ). And to minimize the cost, we have used the public transportation (changed several times). So it was cheap, but time consuming.


This place is accessible both from Naogaon (নওগাঁ জেলা), and Joypurhat district (জয়পুরহাট জেলা). So take whatever is easier for you (according to your tour plan). After visiting the Paharpur Bihar (পাহাড়পুর বিহার), we have reached at the Naogaon district (নওগাঁ জেলা) using a Public bus service. It has dropped us at the Baludanga (বালুডাঙ্গা) bus stand of the town with a cost of 40 Taka per person. It was nearly around a two hours of bus journey. So, if you wish, you can reverse the path to reach this place if want.


For your information, the GPS coordinate of the Satyapir Bhita (সত্যপীর ভিটা) is (25° 1'51.08"N, 88°58'50.88"E).





Where to Stay:

It has a guest house at the Bihar (বিহার) premise, so if you are lucky, you can make your reservation over there. We almost made it. But unfortunately couldn't for few officers(are really they?) over there. It would be awesome for us cause it was the moon light night that time. So after crestfallen we had to return back to the Joypurhut (জয়পুরহাট) town to find for a hotel.


We have stayed at the Hotel Prithibi (হোটেল পৃথিবী) and took a cheaper room after a bargain. And at the next day, we returned back to the Paharpur bihar (পাহারপুর বৌদ্ধ বিহার) again to explore. We couldn't do it yesterday as it was already dark that time. And unfortunately enough, we couldn't manage the room too. But best of luck for you. I believe you can.





Note:

In English, in written form the place's name can be written as Shottopir Bhita (সত্যপীর ভিটা) as well.


























Satyapir Bhita (সত্যপীর ভিটা),
Union: Paharpur(পাহাড়পুর ইউনিয়ন),
Upazila: Bodolgachhi(বদলগাছী উপজেলা),
District: Naogaon(নওগাঁ জেলা),
Country: Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ)
GPS coordinate: (25° 1'51.08"N, 88°58'50.88"E)

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog http://icwow.blogspot.com/



Sunday, April 26, 2015

Mohua ful (মহুয়া ফুল) - Madhuca longifolia

Bengali Name : Mohua ful (মহুয়া ফুল).
Common Name : Indian butter tree, Mahua, etc.
Botanical Name : Madhuca longifolia
Synonym : Madhuca indica, Madhuca latifolia
Family : Sapotaceae (mahua family)






মন মাতানো মিষ্টি গন্ধের একটি ফুল মহুয়া। কি তার সুবাস, গাছের নিচে তো বটেই, গাছ থেকে অনেক দুরে দাড়িয়েও ফুলের গন্ধ পাওয়া যায়। ঢাকা শহরে বেশ কয়েকটি মহুয়া ফুলের গাছ আছে। রমনায় আছে বেশ কয়েকটি। মিন্টু রোডের গেইট দিয়ে ঢুকলে হাতের বামেই গেইটের সাথে পরবে মহুয়ার গাছ। এই গাছ থেকে অরুনোদয় গেইটের দিকে একটু হাটলেই পরবে আরও একটু মহুয়ার গাছ। এছাড়া পার্কের মধ্যে পানির ট্যাঙ্কির কাছেই রয়েছে সব থেকে বড় বাঁধানো মহুয়ার গাছটি। এছাড়া বাসাবো বৌদ্ধ মন্দিরের ভেতরে দেখেছিলাম একটা মহুয়ার গাছ।


মহুয়া নিয়ে অনেক গান আছে, তার মধ্যে আমার পছন্দের একটি গান নিচে দিলাম, যেটায় মহুয়ার কথা উল্লেখ আছে।

কবিতা পড়ার প্রহর এসেছে রাতের নির্জনে
জোনাকির আলো নেভে আর জ্বলে শাল মহুয়ার বনে






There are lot of flowers in this Bangladesh which are famous for their fragrance. Mohua (মহুয়া ফুল) is one of those and produce a powerful fragrance during the blooming season. This alluring flowering plant is native to this Indian subcontinent. Botanical name of the flower is Madhuca longifolia. The common names for this flower are Mohua (মহুয়া) or Mahua (মহুয়া), Indian butter flower, etc. This flowering plant belongs to the family Sapotaceae (mahua family).





Mohua (মহুয়া) is a tall growing plant that mostly resides into the dry forest. It grows naturally at our forest area (not sure how much available this naturally these days). This plant can grow up to 20 meter in height. The wood of the tree is very heavy. This is a fast growing tree. Leafs are slightly larger then a normal sized leaf and having elliptic or ovate shape. Leafs occur as a whirl (of four) around the branches. In Bangladesh the plant is deciduous. It requires full sunlight to grow well.





Mohua flowers (মহুয়া ফুল) are unique in Bangladesh. I have never seen similar shaped flower ever other than this one. Flower blooms as a cluster and hangs from the branch. Small flowers from the cluster are having a very long stalk. The bract of the flower is greyish-pinkish in color (or may be I am a color blind). Flower are creamy white in color and having a ball shaped at the base and 5-6 small petals are attached with that.





Mohua flower (মহুয়া ফুল) uses to bloom during the night and it is very hard to find the flower blooming during the day light. A long tusk (of elephant) like thing (probably the style) is protruded outside from the flower. The flower uses to clamp that long style. Inside the flower it has lot of yellowish powdery thing (probably the pollen). Those spread outside when I have shaken the flower by moving that long tusk.





This Mohua flower (মহুয়া ফুল) is famous for it's fragrance. The blooming season is the February to April here in Bangladesh. And during this time the area near the tree gets heavy with the musky smell from the flowers. One can sense the smell even standing far from the tree. During the morning the ground uses to be covered with the fallen flowers.





This plant is a very good hideout for the Fruit bats. I have seen plenty of such mammals were hanging from the trees and making high pitched noisy sounds. The bears uses to visit this tree during the blooming season. They look for the juicy fragrant flowers from the tree.





Mohua (মহুয়া) flowers are juicy and having a taste of sweet. Tribal people in Bangladesh use to make a raw local wine named 'Mohua (মহুয়া)' with the help of this flower. This flower can be consumed without doing any processing. But eating too much of this can cause intoxication.





Photos of this article were taken from the Romna park, Dhaka (রমনা পার্ক, ঢাকা). It was during March 2015. I was there as a part of my regular visit to observe the birds and flowers. This park has several Mohua (মহুয়া) trees. One at the left side after entering through the Mintu road gate (মিন্টু রোড গেইট) of the park. After walking few meters from the tree towards the Arunodoy gate (অরুনোদয় গেইট) then you'll find another one. Another one is at the center of the park that is the largest one, near the water tank.


This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog http://icwow.blogspot.com/


ফুলের জন্য ভালোবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...



Feni Pilot School (ফেনী পাইলট স্কুল)

Friday, 15 March 2013 & Friday, 05 July 2013





I have visited the Feni (ফেনী) district twice. Though our buses of Chittagong zone use to go through the Feni (ফেনী) but got the chance only twice. At both the occasions I have got a chance to visit this School. It is known as Feni Pilot School (ফেনী পাইলট স্কুল). Previously I have visited the Faridpur Zila School (ফরিদপুর জেলা স্কুল) during 2010 and that's why decided to have an exploration for this one too.





This school is one of the oldest schools from our overall Bangladesh. It was established at 1886, more than 130 years of old. The architecture is similar to the other colonial buildings of British period in Bangladesh. I am not sure but probably the premise has the academic building of the Feni (ফেনী) Government College as well.





I have visited the school twice, one during the Spring, and another during the Rainy season. This school has a large playground in front of it. During the Spring boys were playing cricket. And during the rainy season the boys were playing football.





How to go:

Well it is just a school and not a tourist place. But if you want to go, then just ask anybody from the town. It is located at the center of the two. It is very near from the Feni (ফেনী) railway station. GPS coordinate of the location is (23° 0'43.16"N, 91°24'5.11"E).





Feni Pilot School (ফেনী পাইলট স্কুল),
Village: Feni town (ফেনী টাউন),
District: Feni (ফেনী জেলা)
Country: Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ),
GPS coordinate (23° 0'43.16"N, 91°24'5.11"E)

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog http://icwow.blogspot.com/