Saturday, July 28, 2012

Golden Star - Etlingera littoralis













Common Name: Golden Star
Botanical Name: Etlingera littoralis
Family: Zingiberaceae

দুই বছর আগে যখন বান্দরবান গেলাম ট্রেকিং করতে, তখন এই ফুল দেখেছিলাম জঙ্গলের ভেতরে... আলো কম থাকায় ফুলের ছবি অনেক ঝাপসা এসেছিলো... আদা গোত্রের এই বাংলা কোনো ফুলের নাম জানি না... যেহেতু জংলী ফুল, তাই একে সহজে জংলী আদা বলাই যায়... এইবার খাগড়াছড়ি বেড়াতে যেয়ে পাহাড়ে আবার এই ফুলের দেখা পেয়ে গেলাম... সেই ছবি আজকে লেখায় দিলাম...



Golden star is a wild ginger flower. It belongs to the plant family Zingiberaceae. Botanical name is Etlingera littoralis. This plant is native to China and it's vicinity countries at East Asia. But its available at the Jungles of our Hilly areas. I didn't find any suitable name in Bengali(বাংলা).



This is a wild ginger flower and it has the exactly similar attributes of spice ginger. Plants almost similar having leafs(large) at the both side of the pinnate. Its flower blooms in damp condition. Flowers basically come at the shoots, slightly far from the main plant. Color of the flower is red/maroon having a golden/yellow border. It often forms like a star, that's why it is called as golden star flower.



People use this plant in several culinary purposes. Using as spice is very common. Also tribal from some region use to eat the flower. Using the stems, it is possible to ripe the fruit quickly.



Photos of this article were taken from Khagrachhori(খাগড়াছড়ি). I was traveling there during July 2012.

ফুলের জন্য ভালবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

Friday, July 27, 2012

Dewflower - Murdannia nudiflora













Common Name : Dewflower, Doveweed, etc.
Botanical Name : Murdannia nudiflora
Family : Commelinaceae




আজকের এই ঘাস ফুলটার কোনো বাংলা নাম আমি জানি না... খাগড়াছড়িতে হঠাত করেই পাহাড়ী রাস্তার পাশে একটা আগাছা ঝোপের মধ্যে অতি ক্ষুদ্র একটা নীলচে বেগুনি রঙের ফুল দেখলাম... ফুলটা লম্বা একটা পুষ্পদন্ডের উপরে ফুটে আছে... দন্ডের আসেপাশে কোনো পাতা নাই... আসেপাশের ঝোপ ঝড়ের জন্য এই ঘাসের গোরাটাও বের করা মুশকিল ছিল... তারপরও সাবধানে ফুলের কোনো ক্ষতি না করে আসেপাশের ঘাস সরিয়ে এই গাছের গোড়া দেখে নিলাম... দেখেই বুঝলাম এই গাছ অনেক দেখেছি, কিন্তু ফুল এই প্রথম দেখলাম...



Its a very very tiny flower. Very hard to notice this flower if you are not lucky. The name of the flower is Naked-Stem Dewflower, Doveweed, etc. Botanical name is Murdannia nudiflora from plant family Commelinaceae. I do not know the Bengali(বাংলা) name of this delicate flower.



The color of Doveweed is violet-blue. It has three delicate petals above the three bracts. Very tiny flowers use to bloom over the long erect stalk of the plant as a cluster. It has two long stamens and hairy stuffs around it. Not sure whether it has any fragrance or not.

The root of Murdannia nudiflora.


This is a creeping grass plant that grows with other weeds or grasses. You'll hardly notice this plant. Leafs are liner and having hairs at the place where it starts from the stem. This shy weed plant brings flower during rainy season.

Doveweed flower with the plant.


Photos of this article were captured from Khagrachhori(খাগড়াছড়ি) at the month of July 2012.

ফুলের জন্য ভালবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

A trek between the two Toiduchhori waterfalls


Saturday, 14 July 2012

It happened during moving from the lower waterfall to the upper one at Toiduchhori(তৈদু ছড়ি). It was a path of less than 30 minutes. But we required exactly 1.5 hours to complete.

After enjoying the exquisite beauty of the Toiduchhori Waterfall-1(তৈদুছড়ি ঝরনা-১) we were taking preparation to move to the next one, means the Toiduchhori Waterfall-2(তৈদুছড়ি ঝরনা-২), which is practically around a 30 minutes of walking distance from this waterfall. There is a path available which is just adjacent to the waterfall. Its is almost perpendicular(70-80 degree) for climbing. But not difficult, only at several stages you have to be cognizant for the slippery stones.



After successfully reaching at the top of the waterfall, a skittishness grabbed me instantly. Rainy season is beautify at mountains, but full with latent dangers. A sudden slip from such place could only throw you to the bottom of the waterfall. This was the shortest path to reach at the upper falls. Most of the Jhiri path(ঝিরি পথ) were under water. At some places the flow of water was immense.

I was trekking on bare feet. My sandal just betrayed me like always. I think I have slipped maximum time than any other trekking in my life. I found it extremely difficult to gripe the slippy stone surface using my naked feet..

Climbing almost a perpendicular path beside waterfall.


At one stage, the Jhiri(ঝিরি পথ) got a shape like the Shoilo Propat(শৈল প্রপাত) of Bandarban. Gallons after gallon of water were just rushing down there through the meandering stream. You must have to be circumspect before making every steps. At the top of this mighty stream the whole team was waiting for me. Cause, after that the stream was more mightier than ever. Its basically a narrow rift between two bank of the stream. Even at dry season, you have to cogitate on such places. And as its rainy season, everyone of us were full with jittery.

Top of the waterfall.


On the process of crossing and moving, at one place i was slipped on the mighty stream. I just pushed my foot on the stream and that mighty flow just thrashed me down. I lost the grasp from my team who were holding me. During this cataclysm our two tribal guides were with me falling down. My teammates had nothing to do at that situation. I could only see several pair of legs were standing beside the stream and everything was happening so fast that they couldn't react at all.

But the two tribal boys(Polen and Monobikash) were excellent. Both of them responded lightning fast. They were standing and trashed down again and again until they have safely moved me to a safe place beside the stream. I could have been injured seriously, or that could be my last expedition. Those two boys risked their life for me. That's why I always prefer tribal people as oracle in mountains.

A serpentine flow of the Jhiri(ঝিরি).


After crossing this place, further surprise were waiting for us. The waiting next move was even deadlier than last few. I was totally enervated by previous incident and sunken by jumpiness too. So did the other members. When one of us was talking about returning back, other three were opposing him. When I was offering a retreat, the other three were opposing. Certainly we were dubious at that point. It went for several minutes. Interesting our poor Bengali "idiot guide" was with us too. While writing this, i can easily remember his face. He had a black complexion, but due to nervousness his face became darker than anything else. He was silent like dead on that processing.

Even at such incident, we have filmed us too.


In the mean time, our two tribal guides were planning for next move. Both of them were nonchalant about returning back. The two laconic boys had only one thing to say "after crossing this, everything is simple, this is the last one". They were fomenting us to push forward instead. The path we have climbed before was easy to climb up, but deadly difficult to climb down. That's why they were apathetic to retreat. They helped us not cringed from there.

Its basically a crevice. We didn't see the sun for an hour. It felt like an advent raining. We were afraid of flash flood. Trust me, nothing could have saved at there if any flash flood occurred. But the All Mighty was with us. Using the experience and judiciousness, the two tribal boys helped us to pass the deadly cranny one by one. Also our Bengali guide required a hand from them to pass the path. He was the most nervous person from the seven of us.

Polen and Monobikash were helping us.


After crossing that uncanny place, we were exulted. The water level was higher(2-3 ft) but it was on flat land. So we didn't face any difficulties for rest of the 10 minutes of trekking. After that we have reached at the upper step of the Toidu Jhorna(তৈদু ঝরনা), which is known as Kasing Jhorna(কাসিং ঝরনা) to local people. I'll write about that later and also how we four exuberant people returned Dighinala(দীঘিনালা).

How to go, and where to stay: you'll find this on below link:
http://icwow.blogspot.com/2012/07/khagrachhori-toiduchhori-jhorna-1.html

Wednesday, July 25, 2012

Khagrachhori: Toiduchhori Jhorna-1(তৈদু ছড়ি ঝরনা-১)


Saturday, 14 July 2012

It was a morning amid of the rainy season and from the late night it was raining heavily. We were waiting for a group that we met yesterday at Resung Waterfall(রিসাং ঝরনা). They were also planning for visiting Tioduchhora Waterfall(তৈদুছড়া ঝরনা). So we have decided to combine together for this expedition. Total four members, two from their group and two from our.




Lot of people talked on blog, about hiring guide from TNO office of Dighinala(দীঘিনালা). It was Friday, and do you believe that people would work at TNO office on holidays? And who is going to travel at working days? So suggestion of hiring from TNO office is useless at weekend. But still as our previous travelers hired guides from this place, we have hired a guy(in fact a fat stupid, proved worthless later) for 500 taka. We did not find anyone interested as it was rainy season. Also it was raining, so everyone was inside at home.

Our so called Bangali guide bemused at Toidu Para(তৈদু পারা).


No matter from where you start, you have to reach at the Chappa Para(চাপ্পা পারা) first. As it was raining continually, no one was interested to go at that direction. So hired a CNG for 300 taka. But our bad luck, due to heavy rain, the village road was completely slippery and muddy. That small vehicle couldn't move further and unfortunately dropped us well before reaching the Chappa Para(চাপ্পা পারা).

My video on the Toidu waterfalls.


Lot of tourists use to visit this arena during weekend. So people were aware about our destination. Everyone was daunting us to return back. There will be river on our way which will be impossible to cross(according to their judicious thinking). But I had only one thought, we want to see that river on our own eyes before returning back. Later it proved false warning. it was basically a 1-2 ft height of shallow river with mighty current.

After walking near about an hour, we have reached at the Toidu Para(তৈদু পারা). Now its time to show the real face for our guide. He don't know the exact way of the waterfall. He came here during winter, but now everything is covered with lash green jungle. Even his small Jiri(ঝিরি) now converted into a mighty canal.

Top of the Toidu(তৈদু) Falls sighted from far hill.


The Tripura(ত্রিপুরা) villagers were suggesting us to take two people from their village for our assistance. It was only 200 taka for both persons(young Tripura(ত্রিপুরা) bloods). One of the boy name was Polen(পলেন), and other one was MonoBikash(মনবিকাশ). Both of the boys later proved their ability and judiciousness which is antithesis of their young age.

Jhiri of the Toidu Falls(তৈদু ঝরনা).



Now we are seven members where three of them are guides(one was fat idiot). From the Toidu Para(তৈদু পারা), our initial half an hour was through that small jhiri(ঝিরি). It was really hard to go at the opposite direction of the water flow. It appeared like the whole hills just poured waters on that small canal. After the Jhiri Path(ঝিরি পথ), the next few hours were through the uphill and downhill tasks. Due to rainy and watery paths, we couldn't use our camera. But trust me, the hills are always extraordinarily enchanting.

A dragon fly, you'll find lot of these on your way.


Basically its a total of 2 hours of trekking at dry season. Due to rainy, we were taking time. Also I was the slowest member from the team as always. So i was eating time too. The path is smooth but was not at 2/3 years back. After the discovery of this Toidu Jhorna(তৈদুছড়ি ঝরনা), the TNO provided a fund to make a trail to reach at the waterfall. Thanks to the TNO for that initiative.

After reaching at the last hilltop, we could hear the roar of the Toiduchora waterfall(তৈদু ছড়ি ঝরনা). Only the top portion of the waterfall is visible from that far distance. After spending 5 minutes on that point, we have started moving further. It was a straight downhill through slippy path. Few of us slipped several times.

Tripura boy Polen(পলেন) as our guide.


Last 15/20 minutes of the trekking was through the Jhiri(ঝিরি) once again. This time it was through the Jhiri(ঝিরি) of the waterfall. Lot of people described that large stones were on the path looks like baby elephants. But trust me, we didn't see anything. Because all those boulders were under water. Before reaching at the waterfall, I have slipped on the way several times. Got hurt on knee, fingers and several other places.

I have seen lot of pictures from several people on internet. All of those were in a different shape from the one in front of me. Due to heavy rain, the shape of the falls just changed. Its fatter and flowing fiercely. We have spent around 20/30 minutes beneath the waterfall. Few of us took a shower(though we had it several times from rain) on the falls.

Jhorna Jhiri(ঝরনা ঝিরি).


From this waterfall, you can easily go to another one which is just 30 minutes of uphill task. I'll write about that falls next time. Till then, be happy with this one.

About The Toiduchori Falls(তৈদু ছড়ি ঝরনা):

This waterfall is situated near at Dhighinala(দীঘিনালা) of Khagrachhori(খাগড়াছড়ি) district. A news came on the paper 2/3 years back. After that few tourists use to visit this waterfall on every weekends. My tribal guide was talking "We used to call this Toidu(তৈদু), but lot of people visit this place and they call this Jhorna(ঝরনা). So we call this Jhorna(ঝরনা) too". For your information, in Tripura(ত্রিপুরা) language toidu(তৈদু) means the gate of water.

Taking shower under the waterfall.


This is the second step of the two waterfalls. The first step/upper one is just 30 minutes of trekking. But you have to climb almost a perpendicular path beside the waterfall. Slight risky, but adventurous.

How to go:

To visit this Toidu chhori waterfall, do not take any guide from Dighinala(দীঘিনালা) TNO office. You don't need this. At best you can take any local who will drop you at Toidu Para, or at Chappa Para(তৈদু পারা).

A closer look to the falls.


From the Toidu para(তৈদু পারা), hire tribal people. Do not pick any Bangali(বাঙালি, নোয়াখালি) people. They could go with you for money, but actually they may not know the trek. We were foxed by hiring a fat a$$h0le, trust me. He just vanished our one liter of water just after 30 minutes of walking(grrrrr). Tribal are arduous, fast responder and knows hills than anyone. It will be around 100/150 taka per person. Just express your desire to those people, and they will do the rest by their own responsibility.

It will be a 6-7 hours of trekking for going and returning. So take preparation for that. The path is not that much harder, so don't get panicked.




Where to stay:

I have stayed at Hotel Shahjahan(হোটেল শাজাহান) at Dighinala(দীঘিনালা) town. A low facilitated hotel. A room for two bed with an attached bathroom was 280 Taka(20 taka discount).

Where to Eat:

There are few hotels available at Dighinala(দীঘিনালা) town. You can pick any of those.

Monday, July 23, 2012

Shada Chapa Ful(সাদা চাঁপা ফুল) - Magnolia x Alba





Its a hybrid(between Michelia champaca and Magnolia montana) flower, never seen in wild. Botanical name of the flower is Magnolia x Alba from plant family Magnoliaceae. Common names are White Champaca, White Champak, etc. This should be called as Shada Chapa Ful(সাদা চাপা ফুল) in Bangladesh as its white in color.



Its a medium sized evergreen plant which can grow around 40 ft in height. Flowers are highly fragrant, specially during night. This flower is revered at China for it's sweet scent. Flowers are creamy white and having 12-15 petals(some say sepals). Interestingly, the leafs of this plant are having redolence too. Perfume made from this flower is very expensive.



Since its a tree, so it often cherished as ornamental flowering plant at gardens. Some people love to make bonsai using this plant. Propagation of this plant can be done easily using seeds.

Photos of this white champa flower(সাদা চাঁপা ফুল) were taken from Dhaka(ঢাকা) during the Brikkho Mela(বৃক্ষ মেলা) of June 2012.

Sunday, July 22, 2012

Goyali Lota(গয়ালী লতা) - Adiantum philippense





ছোট বেলায় বইতে পড়েছিলাম অপুষ্পক আর সপুষ্পক উদ্ভিদ... ফার্ন ছিল তার মধ্যে অপুষ্পক উদ্ভিদ... আজকে সেই অপুষ্পক ফার্ন নিয়ে লেখা... আমাদের গ্রাম বাংলার চিরাচরিত ফার্ন বা ঢেকি শাক নিয়ে না... আজকে যেই ছবি দিচ্ছি তা আমাদের দেশের পাহাড়ি এলাকাতে বা কিছু এলাকার জঙ্গলে হয়ে থাকে... ফুল হয়না, কিন্তু দেখতে সুন্দর এই ফার্ন গাছ... বাংলায় একে গয়ালী লতা বলে... ঢাকায় নার্সারীতে ইদানিং দেখা যায় এই গাছ বিক্রি করতে...



Its not any floral plant. Its just a simple fern plant grows at our jungles. Botanical name of the plant is Adiantum philippense. Adiantum refers to something that cannot be wet. It belongs to the plant family Pteridaceae. I am not sure, but possibly this is called as Goyali Lota(গয়ালী লতা) in our country Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ).



Our Goyali Lota(গয়ালী লতা) is known as Maiden hair to English people. Though it is growing at our jungles, but still people are cherishing this plant as ornamental for it's distinctive outlook. Even at Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ) we are using this plant at pots.



Its a small fern plant which can grow up to several centimeters. The frond of the plant is having exotic leafs arranged at both sides. Color of the stripe of the fern is black when matured, otherwise green.



Photos of this article were taken from Khagrachhori(খাগড়াছড়ি) during July 2012. I was traveling there for visiting multiple waterfalls.



References:
[1] http://www.mpbd.info/plants/adiantum-philippense.php
[2] http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns/factsheets/index.php?q=Adiantum_philippense.xml

Saturday, July 21, 2012

Wax Begonia Flower(বেগনিয়া ফুল)





Wax Begonia is an ornamental flowering plant. I have seen this flower at the YWCA of Netrakona(নেত্রকোনা). A lot of hybrids of this flower are available. Botanical name of the flower is Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum(means everblooming). It belongs to the plant family Begoniaceae.



This plant is rarely seen to grow over a foot in height. This herb like flowering plant is also beautiful without it's flowers as it has colorful leafs. The whole plant is juicy and can grow both in shaded or sunny place.



Flowers of Wax Begonia can be either single or double. It can be in many colors. I have uploaded the photos are having peach color(some people say purple). Petals are waxy and having no redolence.



As the plant is succulent, you must not over watering the plant at your gardens or pots. The soil must have the capability to soak the water so that it don't rot juicy stem of the plant.



Photos of this article were captured during December of 2011. I was traveling at Netrakona(নেত্রকোনা) that time.

Maloti Lota Ful(মালতি লতা ফুল) - Aganosma dichotoma





আজকের ফুলের নাম মালতি লতা ফুল... এইবার বৃক্ষ মেলায় প্রথম দেখলাম এই ফুল... এর আগে অনেক ছবি দেখেছি, কিন্তু কখনো সামনে থেকে দেখা হয় নাই... অত্যন্ত মারাত্মক এই ফুলের গন্ধ... মন মাতাল করা যেই গন্ধের কথা এতদিন শুনেছি, মনে হয় এই ফুলের গন্ধ সেইরকম... তীব্র এই গন্ধের জন্য এই ফুলকে গন্ধ মালতি ফুল বলেও ডাকা হয়...



The flower I am going to introduce today is Maloti Lota Ful(মালতি লতা ফুল). This is revered for both it's exotic beauty as well as for aromatic redolence. Botanical name of this flower is Aganosma dichotoma with lot of synonyms. It pertains to the plant family Apocynaceae.



Maloti Lota(মালতি লতা) is also known as Gondho Maloti Ful(গন্ধ মালতি) for it's fragrance. The scent is kind of alluring which will force you to take the smell over and over. People say the scent is spicy.



Maloti Lota is basically an evergreen climber. We plant this ornamental flowering plant at our gates and fences. Leafs of this plant are green and glossy. Flowers are with five twisted petals and extremely scented. Lot of showy flowers use to bloom at a same time from summer to autumn.



Photos of these aromatic 'Gondho Maloti'(গন্ধ মালতি) flowers were taken from Dhaka(ঢাকা) during June 2012.

Friday, July 20, 2012

Scarlet Milkweed - Asclepias curassavica





Scarlet Milkweed is also known as Blood Flower, Mexical Butterfly Weed, etc. This is native to American region, not to our territory. Botanical name of this flower is Asclepias curassavica from the plant family Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed family).



Scarlet Milkweed is the best flowering species from milkweed family. This is popular for it's butterfly attracting attributes. This flower is a total source of food for butterflies. I have seen this flower first at Gazipur(গাজীপুর) butterfly park.



This plant can grow up to 3/4 ft in height. Leafs are oppositely arranged around the pale green stems. Its a perennial flowering plant and sap produces from the plant when torn or broken.



Flowers bloom as a cluster and very much showy. Color of the flower is red, orange, yellow etc. Seeds are having hairy stuffs which allow it to afloat over the air and help it's dispersal.

A butterfly is suckling nectar from the flower.






Photos of this article were taken from Gazipur(গাজীপুর) at June 2012.

Khagrachhori: Resang Jhorna-2(রিসাং ঝরনা -২)


Friday, 13 July 2012

Last time I have visited the resung waterfall(রিসাং ঝরনা) but couldn't find the second one which is at the downstream of main one. So this time by no means I wanted to miss it. I have read lot of blogs and articles on internet but none could tell me the exact location. Everyone was guiding with anonymous direction. I must believe that for this anonymous guiding, most of the tourists at this place find it hard to locate this one, and left the place without exploring this. From my experience, I have spent 3 hours there to locate this. Explored most of the Jhiri(ঝিরি) of the waterfall and misguided further like other travelers. Also, the local people were telling that there was only one waterfall, no second one available. One Tripura(ত্রিপুরা) boy was talking about Debota(দেবতা), who lives there and people gets killed if go there. And like other tribal, he was reluctant to talk further about the waterfall.



So finding no other ways, returned back from there to find Rabindra Tripura(রবীন্দ্র ত্রিপুরা), who is the owner of both the waterfalls. He was interested to show us the waterfall only if we pay him. You know what, 'rich pigs' pay him 500/1000 taka for showing the waterfall. So he wasn't interested to show us the waterfall for any cheap price. Finally after an extreme bargaining(i didn't like to pay a lot), he agreed for 150 Taka. A group from Chittagong were traveling there. They have joined with us, later we and that group explored Toidu Jhorna together at next day(another story).

We are with the group from Chittagong who have joined us for this tour.


It was raining with large drops. Initially we have waited for 15/20 minutes at the small shop for the rain to lessen down. But the persistent rain forced us to start moving. Its just 15 minutes of walking from the shop. Trust me, I have walked on the same path, but due to rainy season the path was covered with proximity vines. So didn't find the actual trail and returned back and lost into wrong path. But this time the old Tripura(ত্রিপুরা) was with us and guided us safely to the beneath of the waterfall.



Normally the waterfall is having mild amount of water. But for a heavy rain at earlier, its just vomiting all the waters from the valley through it. Possibly this is the maximum amount of water flowing from the waterfall and we are lucky to observe this at such time. The water of the falls were slight muddy for the rain. We have used our umbrella to cover the camera from rain while capture scenes.



How to Go:

If you look at below image, you'll find that I have pointed both the falls on google map. Just follow the direction marked by red lines. If you think still its very hard to locate the waterfall, just ask the guy Rabindra Tripura(রবীন্দ্র ত্রিপুরা) to show you the waterfall. Don't trust local people, they will not tell you anything about this. You must believe that the waterfall is there. Its a total mystery as the local behaved.

Showing the location of resag-1 and resang-2 waterfalls in google map. GPS (23° 3'54.27"N, 91°56'39.78"E)


From internet, i have found few people named the waterfall as Apu Falls(অপু ঝরনা) or Apu Jhorna(অপু ঝরনা). I don't know where they found the name. May be the Tripura(ত্রিপুরা) people call the waterfall by that name.