Sunday, February 19, 2012

Batabi Lebu Ful(বাতাবী লেবু ফুল) - Citrus maxima


কাঠবিড়ালী কাঠবিড়ালী পেয়ারা তুমি খাও
গুড় মুড়ি খাও
বাতাবী লেবু লাউ

কবি নজরুলের এই কবিতার বাতাবি লেবু ফুল নিয়ে আজকের লেখা. বসন্তের শুরুতে এই গাছে যখন সাদা সাদা অজস্র ফুল ফোটে তখন অনেক সুন্দর দেখায়. ফুল আর কচি পাতা দুইটাই এক সাথে আসে এই গাছে. মিষ্টি গন্ধে ভরা ৪/৫ পাপড়ি বিশিষ্ট এই ফুল থোকায় থোকায় হয়. ফুলের মতন জাম্বুরা ফলটাও বেশ, যদি সেইটা আবার হয় গরমের সময় দুপুরের রোদ্রে বসে লবন আর কাচা মরিচ দিয়ে ভর্তা করে খাওয়া.




Another fruit flower. This time it is Jambura Ful(জাম্বুরা ফুল). Common name of this is Pummelo, Pomelo, etc. In Bangladesh we call this Jamnura(জাম্বুরা), Batabi Lebu(বাতাবি লেবু), etc. Scientific name of this plant is Citrus maxima(synonym is Citrus grandis). It belongs to the plant family Rutaceae. This is native to South and Southeast Asia.



Jambura(জাম্বুরা) is a small size evergreen irregular branched tree plant. Leafs are glossy and ovate shaped. Leaf has two sections, upper section and lower section. Lower section is smaller than the upper section. A tree can grow upto 50 ft in height.



Batabi Lebu Ful(বাতাবী লেবু ফুল) is white in color having four/five petals. The stamen is white but having green gland. Flower has lot of yellow filaments around the stamen. It has a lovely fragrance.



Fruits of this plant is round shaped having thick outer skin. After pealing the outer skin very carefully, the juicy pulps are available to eat. This is the largest fruit from this citrus genus. Largest fruit is measured having 12 inches diameter.



Photos of this article were taken from Gulshan of Dhaka(গুলশান, ঢাকা) during February 2012.

Sunamganj: Limestone Lake of Tekerghat(টেকেরঘাট চুনাপাথরের লেক)

Friday, 03 February 2012





It was our first day at Tahirpur(তাহিরপুর). After arranging the accommodation, it was almost near to 11:00 at morning. So we have decided not to visit the Tanguar Haor(টাঙ্গুয়ার হাওর) today. There is a place near the Indian border named Tekerghat(টেকেরঘাট). Once upon a time there was a limestone quarry available. Now that one is not functioning.



As we have several hours left from the day, we have decided to visit the Tekerghat limestone lake(টেকেরঘাট চুনাপাথরের লেক) and the quarry. According to the bullshit newspaper and other so called reliable sources, the Tekerghat Limestone Lake(টেকেরঘাট চুনাপাথরের লেক) is 3 kilometers from the Tahirpur town(তাহিরপুর). But trust me, it is minimum 18 kilometers north from the town.

Cow crossing the water.


As we knew the road is only three kilometer of walking, all of us were started walking. But unfortunately the road seemed having no end to us. Although it was winter, the weather was extremely hot. We were walking and walking, but the destination was still too far.

Dusty road, far sight is Indian hills.


Whenever we have asked to the people about the destination, everyone were replied only three miles ahead. But that three miles were never finished. The road was too much dusty. Few of us became tired and exhausted by continuum walking.



Though the walking was tedious, but the surrounding scenario was picturesque. Once it is mile after mile paddy fields, then other time it is shallow river. Sometimes it is muddy swamp area, sometimes the houses of local people. It is a different kind of experience. I always love to see such kind of things.

Clean water at roadside.


Possibly it was more than three hours we have walked to reach at the Tekerghat. Amid of our journey, we have made a light lunch using singara and puri(সিঙ্গারা, পুরি) from a local bazaar. There is a limestone lake available at the Tekerghat. Initially we were interested to have a swim at the water. But it was too late, so we have declined our desire that we have cherished throughout the path.

Limestone Lake of Tekerghat. Other side is India.


The water of the lake is clear. We have expected the water of the lake would be blue. But still the water wasn't bad. This lake was created by quarrying the limestone. Exactly other side of the lake is India. People from India were having their bath at that side. Hill of that side having large boulders of limestone, but all belongs to India.



There are few small Tila(টিলা) available at Bangladesh side, possibly 20 ft height and artificial. You can pass few minutes on those if you like.



After exploring the Chunapathor(চুনাপাথর) Lake of Tekerghat, we have moved to Barikka Tila. After exploring that one we have returned to the Tahirpur town and that was almost at the end of the day.

Plants at limestone lake.


How to Go:

Using a bike for 200 taka you can easily come to Tekerghat(টেকেরঘাট). Two person can ride after the driver on a bike. It will be around 40 minutes to reach at Tekerghat(টেকেরঘাট). GPS of Tekerghat(টেকেরঘাট) is (25°11'45.90"N, 91°10'27.69"E).

Limestone Lake.


At the end of the day, our experience was worthy. Though we were tired, but it was something for us. We have learned lot of things, observed a different type of life style from local people, and many more things.

Saturday, February 18, 2012

Kamranga Ful(কামরাঙ্গা ফুল) - Averrhoa carambola



কামরাঙ্গা একটা ফলের নাম. কিন্তু এই ফলের ফুলটাও দেখতে অনেক সুন্দর. হালকা গোলাপী রঙের থোকা থোকা ছোট ছোট এই ফুল দেখতে খুবই চমত্কার. একটা সময় এইটা ফলের গাছ হিসাবে লাগানো হলেও এখন অনেক বাড়িতে এইটাকে সৌন্দর্যের জন্যও লাগানো হয়ে থাকে. কারণ এর আকর্ষনীয় ফুল আর চকচকে রঙিন কচি পাতা. একটা জিনিস আমার মাথায় ঢোকে না, এই ফলের নাম কেন কামরাঙ্গা? অনেকটা ১৮+ নামের মতন লাগে, মাঝে মাঝে তো বলতেও একটু ইতস্তত বোধ হয়.



Basically this is a fruit, but the flowers are lovely as well. Common name of this fruit is Starfruit, Carambola, etc. This is native to our South Asia and Southeast Asia. In Bangladesh we call this Kamranga(কামরাঙ্গা), if you translate it in English it will be the color of sex. Scientific name of the kamranga is Averrhoa carambola and it pertains to the plant family Oxalidaceae(Wood-Sorrel family).



Kamranga(কামরাঙ্গা) is a small slow growing evergreen tree that can grow around 5-12 meter in height. Leafs are small lens shaped with lovely foliage. Leafs are arranged opposite around stem, it folds during night. Young leafs are brown/coffee color which are attractive too.



Flower of Kamranga(কামরাঙ্গা) is reddish to rose purple with small bell shaped. It has five lobed petals with whitish at the edges. These tinny flowers grow as a cluster from the stem directly. In tropical condition this tree produces flower throughout the years more or less.



Kamranga(কামরাঙ্গা) fruit tastes sour during green but mild sweet(still sour) while ripen well. Slice cut at the cross-section of the fruit will provide a perfect star shaped(nomenclature of starfruit).



Photos of this article were taken from Gulshan, Dhaka(গুলশান, ঢাকা) at February 2012.

Chondro Probha(চন্দ্রপ্রভা ফুল) - Tecoma stans



বনানী গুলশানের দিকে এই ফুলের গাছ অনেক বাড়ির সামনেই দেখেছি. উজ্জল হলুদ রঙের ঘন্টার মতন ফুল হয় থোকায় থোকায়. আমাদের দেশের আবহাওয়ায় প্রায় সারাবছরই এই ফুল হয় গাছে. এই ফুলের বাংলা নাম আগে জানতাম না. সাইদুর রহমান স্বপন তার বইতে নাম দিয়েছে সোনাপাতি, নেট থেকে দেখলাম চন্দ্রপ্রভা আরেকটা নাম. পরের নামটাকেই আমার বেশি পছন্দ হয়েছে.




Scientific name of the flower is Tecoma stans. This belongs to the plant family Bignoniaceae(jacaranda family). Common name of the flower is Yellow Bell(for bell shape), Yellow Trumpet, etc. In Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ) we call this Chondro prova Ful(চন্দ্রপ্রভা ফুল), Shonapati Ful(সোনাপাতি ফুল), etc. This is native to America. This is the national flower of Bahamas.



Chondroprova(চন্দ্রপ্রভা) is a perennial densely branched shrubby plant(small tree). It can grow up to 20 feet in height. Leafs are bright green, a bit long lens shaped having toothed at the borders, arranged opposite at the stem. This plant can grow in dry and warm climates easily.



Flowers of Chondroprobha(চন্দ্রপ্রভা ফুল) is bright yellow in color having bell/trumpet shaped and two inches long. This showy flower grows as cluster from the tip of the branch. Flower doesn't have any smell but it can easily attract bees, ants, birds for bright color and nectar inside. Fruits of this plant are long and bean shaped.



At our country we are using this flowering plant as ornamental flower but this is invasive at some countries. Produced honey by bees from the nectar or pollen from this lovely flower can be poisonous.














Photos of this article were taken from Gulshan, Dhaka(গুলশান, ঢাকা) at February 2012.

Sunamganj: Tanguar Haor(টাঙ্গুয়ার হাওর) at winter

Saturday, 04 February 2012





Tanguar Haor(টাঙ্গুয়ার হাওর) is possibly the second largest Haor(হাওর) from Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ). This is declared as the motherland for fishes of Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ). Lot of Beel(বিল) and swamp area all together are called as Tanguar Haor(টাঙ্গুয়ার হাওর). Local people say this as Tangua Haor(টাঙ্গুয়া হাওর).



Plenty of rivers and canals passed through this massive haor. Most of those rivers were originated from the Indian hills. If you go there during winter then you have to go through the Baulai river(বাউলাই নদী).

Pankourir Jhak(পানকৌড়ির ঝাক)


Basically I went there to watch the migratory birds(অতিথী পাখি) from the haor. Lot of such birds used to come from Siberia during winter. Unfortunately my timing wasn't good. It was almost at the end of winter. I should have go there a month earlier or two.



Kalim Bird(কাদায় খাবারের খোঁজে কলিম পাখি)


After crossing the Baulai river(বাউলাই নদী), we had to pass two massive Beel to reach near to the birds. Most of the birds were Pankouri(পানকৌড়ি), Kalim(কলিম), White and brown egrets(সাদা বক ও কানী বক), Bali Hash(বালি হাস), and lot of unknown birds.

White Egret(সাদা বক)


The water of the Haor is totally clear which will allow you to see everything under water. Lot of dense marshes are available under the water. Through those bushes plenty of fishes are passing extremely quickly. I felt like I am watching an aquarium from the boat. As the fishes are tremendously quick, it is hard to identify those.

Pankouri(পানকৌড়ি)


There is no locality available around the Haor. Only few small boats from the fishermen and others who used to live based on the Haor. You'll only hear the creeping sounds from the birds, nothing else.



Kani Bok(কানী বক)


We have hired an engine boat which was ok, but mistake was not to hire a small boat along with the engine boat. Due the the sound of the engine, the birds were flying away. By any means, we weren't able to reach at the most closing position to the birds.

Clear water under the boat


Another mistake was not carrying a binocular with me and not having a DSLR camera(I don't have any). It is useless to shot at Tanguar Haor(টাঙ্গুয়ার হাওর) using point to point digital camera. So if you are planning to go there at next winter, make sure you have those with you.

দুরে বকের ঝাক


I love to swim at water. But I didn't dare to swim at Haor at winter. Cause the water level is low right now, and lot of underwater bushes are available. And under those bushes, you'll find plenty of muddy patches. These kind of conditions are risky, and not pleasant for swimming. The crystal water of the Haor was luring me, and I had to control myself unwillingly.



There is a temporary Ansar camp(আনসার ক্যাম্প) at the middle of the Haor. Also there is an organization available which is controlling the fishing at the Haor. Possibly it is morning 9 to afternoon 3 is the period of catching fish from Haor. After that, no fishing.



How to Go:

This is for the trip during winter. Rainy season will be different.

1. Using a bus from Dhaka you can easily come at Sunamganj Town(সুনামগঞ্জ টাউন). Best services are Mamun(মামুন), Shamoli(শ্যামলী), etc. Bus fare is 500 Taka. It will take around 6-7 hours during night journey.

2. From the Shaheb Bari Ghat(সাহেব বাড়ী ঘাট, 25° 4'17.65"N, 91°23'31.54"E), cross the river and come to Monipuri Ghat(মনিপুরি ঘাট, 25° 5'12.04"N, 91°23'22.09"E). It is 10 taka per person, and around 15 minutes of boat journey.

3. From the Monipuri Ghat(মনিপুরি ঘাট), hire motor bike to come at Tahirpur Bazar(তাহেরপুর বাজার). Each one will cost around 250-300 taka. Two person can ride on bike after the driver. GPS of the Tahirpur(তাহেরপুর) is (25° 5'54.73"N, 91°10'35.72"E). It will take around 40-50 minutes. Alternately you can use the Tempo if you taking female travelers with you.

4. Using a bike from the town, come to Solman Ghat(সলমান ঘাট), GPS is (25° 5'16.82"N, 91° 6'55.94"E). It will be 50-60 taka per bike and a 30 minutes ride.

5. Hire a boat from the Solman Ghat(সলমান ঘাট). A small engine boat will cost around 800 to 1000 taka per day. From the Ghat, it will take around two hours to reach at the middle of the Haor.



Where to Stay:

You can stay at the Tahirpur Upozila Guest House(তাহেরপুর উপজেলা গেস্ট হাউস, 25° 5'50.88"N, 91°10'36.05"E) or Tahirpur Dak Banglo(তাহেরপুর ডাক বাংলো, 25° 5'56.60"N, 91°10'39.91"E) during the trip. This is the nearest possible accommodation from the Haor. We have hired two rooms from the Upozila Guest House(উপজেলা গেস্ট হাউস), each of the room were 100 taka per night. Contact number of the Dak Banglo(ডাক বাংলো) is 01724968161.



Tips:

** Along with the engine boat, hire a small boat or two. Tie the boat behind the engine boat. You can use that to observe the birds more closely. At the middle of the Haor, you may find difficulties to hire such boats.

** There are lot of shako(সাকো) will be on your path, to cross by feet, it will be 2 taka per person. To cross using your hired bike, it will be 10 taka per bike. So during hiring bike, make sure about who will pay the bill.



I'll visit the Tanguar Haor again. At next winter to see the different beauties. And at next winter with a DSLR camera.

If you want to make a barbi-Q at night, check how we did that at night.
http://icwow.blogspot.com/2012/02/sunamganj-barbi-q-night-at-tahirpur.html

Friday, February 17, 2012

Daad Mordon(দাদ মর্দন) - Cassia alata


দাদমর্দন একটি উপকারী ঔষধি গাছ. এই গাছে উজ্জল হলুদ রঙের ফুল হয়. গাছের পাতায় এসিড জাতীয় উপাদান থাকায় তা দাদ নামক চর্ম রোগের থেকে প্রতিকারের জন্য ব্যবহৃত হয়. এই জন্য এই গাছের নাম দাদ মর্দন.



This is a very important medicinal plant. Scientific name of this plant is Cassia alata with synonyms Senna alata. It pertains to the plant family Fabaceae(Pea family). Common name of the flower is Candle bush, Ringworm shrub, wild senna, ringworm cassia, Christmas candle, etc. In Bangladesh we call this as Daad Mordon(দাদ মর্দন), Dadmurdan(দাদমর্দন), etc. This plant is native to Mexico.



Dadmurdan is a perennial shrubby plant having height of 6-15 ft tall. Grows around the wetland, such as beside pond, lake, shallow water, etc. Large bilateral leafs are symmetrical opposed and fold together during night. Cup shape flowers are yellow in color. But before blooming, the flowers look like a candle, that's why people call this as candle bush flower.



The leaf of this plant has a profound number of Anthraquinones and Crysophanic acid which is very effective against fungus and microbial diseases. In herbal medicine, the leafs of this plant are using to cure ringworm(Thats why we call this Dadmordon, দাদ মর্দন).

Photos of this article were taken under the Bonani-Gulshan(বনানী-গুলশান) bridge of road number 11, Dhaka.

ফুলের জন্য ভালবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

Amer Mukul(আমের মুকুল) - Mangifera indica


এখন বসন্ত কাল, স্বাভাবিক ভাবেই আমের গাছে এখন মুকুল এসেছে. সাধারণত শীতের শেষের দিক থেকেই মুকুল আসতে শুরু করে, আর বসন্তের সময় যেইসব গাছে বাকি ছিল, সেইগুলাতেও মুকুল এসে যায়. সারা গাছ জুড়ে আমের মুকুল হয়, আর গাছের আশেপাশে থাকে একটা মিষ্টি গন্ধ. রসালো এই ফলের কথাই আমরা বেশি জানি, ফুল নিয়ে খুব একটা লেখা হয়না. আমের মুকুলকে আমরা আমের বোল, আমের মঞ্জুরি, ইত্যাদি নামেও জানি.



Mango is a juicy fruit and possibly the most consumed fleshy fruit around the world. Botanical name of Mango is Mangifera indica from the plant family Anacardiaceae. There are lot of varieties of Mango are available across the world, they are different in shape, size, and taste. In our country Bangladesh, we call this Aam(আম), and the flower of Mango is known as Amer Mukul(আমের মুকুল), Amer Bol(আমের বোল), etc.



Mango is a huge tree plant. This is the highest fruit tree from the world. It can be in different heights(maximum 100 ft) and circumferences. Leafs of this plant are liner. Young leafs are dark coffee color to light brown color with lovely foliage. During spring, if the tree doesn't bring flower, it will bring those beautiful leafs to celebrate spring.



Flower of mango is a cluster flower. Lot of tinny flowers comprises in a cluster. Flowers are having 6 petals. Color of the flower is creamy, and having yellow spot at each petal. Pinnacle of the stigma having a black or purple. Flower has a sweet smell that makes the air heavy at surroundings.



In Bangladesh, flower use to bloom at the later part of the winter to earlier of spring. Green mangoes use to grow throughout the first half of summer. At second half of summer mango use to ripe. This is the national fruit in several countries including India, Pakistan, etc. This plant can be propagated both from the seed or cutting.















Photos of this article were taken from Gulshan, Dhaka(গুলশান, ঢাকা) at February 2012.