Friday, February 10, 2012

Polash Ful (পলাশ ফুল) - Butea monosperma

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Bengali Name : Polash Ful (পলাশ ফুল), Kingshuk ful (কিংশুক ফুল).
Common Name : Flame of the Forest, Palash, etc.
Botanical Name : Butea monosperma
Family : Fabaceae

পলাশ ফুল নিয়ে অনেক গান, কবিতা আছে... প্রথমবার এই ফুল আমি দেখি সুনামগঞ্জ যেয়ে হাসন রাজার বাড়ীর সামনের উঠানে (২০১২ সন)... টকটকে লাল-কমলা রঙের ফুল ফুটে ছিল গাছটাতে... খুব একটা বড়সড় না গাছটা... কিন্তু আমার মতন ফুল প্রেমীর মন মাতানোর জন্য তা যথেষ্টই ছিল... এর পরে অনেক বার অনেক জায়গায় ঘুরতে যেয়ে এই ফুলের দেখা পেয়েছি... সম্প্রতি পহেলা ফাল্গুনের দিন কার্জন হলের সামনে থেকে এবং শহীদ মিনারের পাশ থেকে এই ফুলের প্রচুর ছবি তুলেছি... তাই পুরনো ছবিগুলোকে সরিয়ে নতুন ছবি দিয়ে লেখাটিকে ঢেলে সাজালাম...

পলাশ নিয়ে অনেক কবি কবিতা লিখে বনে কতো আগুন লাগিয়ে ফেলল তার হিসাব নাই... এই মুহুর্তে দুইটা গান মনে পরছে পলাশ ফুল নিয়ে...

১. আমায় গেথে দাও না মাগো, একটা পলাশ ফুলের মালা...
২. ও পলাশ, ও শিমুল, আমার এ ঘুম কেন ভাঙ্গলে...

In Bengali literature, many famous poets have depicted many things with the Polash (পলাশ ফুল) in their work. Lot of poems, songs are available in Bengali which are related to this Polash Ful (পলাশ ফুল). English name of the flower is 'Flame of the Forest' because of the fire like red colored flowers. From far it looks like a piece of fire on the tree. Botanical name of this Polash flower (পলাশ ফুল) is Butea monosperma. It pertains to the plant family Fabaceae. This plant is native to India and it's proximity regions including our Bangladesh.

Polash (পলাশ) is a slow growing plant that can grow up to 40 feet in height. It is deciduous during dry season but produces thousands of flower that time. Color of the flower is red, bright orange, orange/red, etc. From the far sight the colorful flower resembles a piece of fire on the tree. These exotic flower doesn't have any fragrance.

Leafs are pinnate having long petiole with three leaflets. It is somewhat similar to the other bean leafs. Leaflets are 10-20 cm long. During the blooming season the leafs are very rare on the tree.

Flowers bloom in a cluster. The bract is blackish. I am not sure how many petals are in this flower. But I can easily notice the four. One is the upper petal, two from the sides of the flower. And other one is similar the beak of a parrot. That's why it is also known as Parrot tree.

In Hindu mythology it is said that the tree is a form of the god Agnidev (the God of fire). It was a punishment to him becacuse of disturbing the privacy of the Goddess Parvati and Lord Siva.

Initially the photos of this article were taken from Sunamganj (সুনামগঞ্জ) during February 2012. It was a medium sized tree, and I couldn't reach near to a flower for a closeup shot. But later on, the article was updated by the photos of my Mymensingh (ময়মনসিংহ) tour of March 2013. Finally, recently (after march 2015) I have removed all the old photos and updated the article with the photos which I have taken from Curzon Hall of Dhaka University and Shohid Minar (শহীদ মিনার). It was the February 13, 2015.

NB: Polash (পলাশ) can also be written as Palash (পলাশ) in English.

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog


  1. I was a student of B.M.S. Girls' High School Chittagong. And, there was a big tree of Polash Flower in our school ground. All students were very fond of those flowers because, Polash flower can be used to blow whistle!! One has to peel off the internal string of the flower very carefully to make a proper whistle. It was really interesting to make loud sound through a very soft flower!

  2. That sounds interesting... you can upload the tree of your school at my facebook page( )...

  3. I would definitely upload if I am in Chittagong now. Leaved my most memorable city long ago!