Monday, August 15, 2011

Shwetadrone(শ্বেতাদ্রোন): Leucas aspera


শহরে এই গাছ একটু কমই দেখা যায়... কিন্তু গ্রামের দিকে রাস্তার পাশে প্রচুর এই গাছ চোখে পরে... দল বেধে এই গাছ জন্মায়... আর যখন ফুল হয় তখন সব গাছে এক সাথে সাদা সাদা ফুল হয়... ফুলের মধ্যে মিস্টি মধুর মতন হয়... ছোট বেলায় চুষে চুষে খেতাম... অনেকে একে মধু ফুলও বলে... আমাদের গ্রামের দিকে এইটাকে বলা হয় "দোম কলস"... শাক হিসাবে খাওয়া যায়... একটু তিতা হয় খেতে... কিন্তু ভাতের সাথে দারুন লাগে... আমার খুব পছন্দের... গ্রামে গেলে আমি না খেয়ে আসি না...



This small annual plant is seen around the dry lands around our paddy fields or around the roadsides. Grows as a bush and hard to notice it without any flowers. Flower used to bloom during March, April in Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ). This plant used to considered as a weed, but not invasive.




It belongs to the plant family Lamiaceae (Mint family), some says Labiatae. Its botanical/scientific name is Leucas aspera. Textbook name in Bangladesh is Shwetadrone(শ্বেতাদ্রোন), Dronapushpi(দ্রোনপুষ্পি), etc. English name is Common Leucas.



Leafs of this plant are slim and long in shape. Flowers are quite bell shaped(it looked like a tooth to me) with bright white color. It has sweet juice at the base of the flower. This plant propagates with its seeds. Lot of ants and other insects used to cull the honey from the flower and help the pollination.



This plant has several herbal medical uses. Also people uses it's leafs as a vegetable. Taste is kinda bitter but I liked this with rice.



Photos of this article were taken from Sonargaon(সোনারগাঁও), during my tour at August 2011.

ফুলের জন্য ভালবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

Sunday, August 14, 2011

Castor Bean Flower(সাদা ভেরেন্ডা ফুল): Ricinus communis

আগেরবার লাল ভেরেন্ডা নিয়ে কিছু লিখেছিলাম... আজকে সাদা ভেরেন্ডা নিয়ে কিছু লিখব... একসময় এই গাছের বীজ থেকে যে তেল পাওয়া যেত তা জালানী হিসাবে কাজে লাগানো হতো... লাল ভেরেন্ডার মতন এই গাছের ফুল দেখতে অতটা সুন্দর না... তার পরও আমার ব্লগে দিয়ে দিলাম...



Verenda(ভেরেন্ডা) plant pertains to the family Euphorbiaceae(known as spurge family). Botanical name of the plant is Ricinus communis. In Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ), this is known as Verenda(ভেরেন্ডা). Worldwide this is known as Castor Bean(though its not a true bean), hand of Christ, Castor oil plant, etc.



This is an annual plant and can not survive in winter(though winter of Bangladesh is not that much vulnerable for the plant). This plant is native to Asia and later dispersed to tropical region somehow. Leafs of this plant are star shaped and a bit larger in size.



Flowers are inflorescence having yellow in color(male and female are separate). It looked to me the exactly same to onion flower(lots of stamens). Veranda seeds are having plenty of thorns like of stuffs around the surface. Once again this plant is poisonous when ingested, so careful. Also the sap from the plant can cause irritation to skin.



Photos for this article were taken at somewhere from Sonargaon(সোনারগাঁও), during my tour at August 2011.

ফুলের জন্য ভালবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

Saturday, August 13, 2011

Crown flower(আকন্দ ফুল): Calotropis gigantea

Common Name : আকন্দ ফুল
Common Name : Crown flower.
Botanical Name : Calotropis gigantea
Family : Apocynaceae(Dogbane family)




ছোট বেলায় বিকালে খেলা শেষ করে যখন দেখতাম কোথাও বেথা পেয়েছি... তখন বাসায় ফেরার সময় সাথে কিছু আকন্দ পাতা নিয়ে যেতাম... এই পাতা দিয়ে হালকা গরম সেক দিলে ভালো উপকার পাওয়া যেত... ঝোপ ঝাড়ের মাঝে বা ময়লা পরিত্যাক্ত জায়গায় অনাদরেই বেড়ে উঠে এই গাছ... উপকারী এই গাছের ফুলটিও দেখতে কিন্তু কম সুন্দর না...



'Akunda'(আকন্দ) is a perennial plant widely known as Crown Flower. It has five pointed petals which are forming like a star. At the middle of the flower, you'll find a crown like yellow/golden portion which is holding the stamens. Possibly this is the reason to call this as a Crown Flower. Flowers last for a longer period of time compare to other flowers. Flowers have a banal fragrance with confusing attraction.



This medicine plant belongs to family Apocynaceae(dogbane family). Botanical name of the flower is Calotropis gigantea. This plant is indigenous to Asian region. English people know this plant as Crown Flower. In Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ), this is known as Akondo, Akunda(আকন্দ).



This is a perennial plant having medium sized leafs which are parabolic in shape. Flowers are light pink to lavender in color. Plant produces milky sap when torn or gets a cut. The whole plant has powder like things(not vicious) which comes at hand when touched. Some portion of the plant is poisonous, so careful. Plant can propagate easily by dispersing it's seeds.



Photos of this article were taken somewhere from Sonargaon(সোনারগাঁও), during my tour at August 2011.

ফুলের জন্য ভালবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

White Frangipani(কাঠ গোলাপ): Plumeria Spp.

বেশকিছু দিন পরে আবার বের হলাম ঘর থেকে... অনেক দিন গ্রামের রাস্তায় রিক্সায় করে ঘুরা হয়না... এই শুক্রবার গেলাম সোনারগাঁও এর ওই দিকে... ঘুরাঘুরি করার সময় কিছু ফুলের ছবি তুললাম... আস্তে আস্তে সবগুলো দিব ব্লগে... আজকে কাঠ গোলাপ নিয়ে লিখছি... অনেকে এইটাকে কাঠচাপা, গুলাচ, গুলাচি চাপা, ইত্যাদি নামে চেনে... অনেক আগে একবার পেপার এ পরেছি পুর্তুগিজ রা এইটা আমাদের দেশে নিয়ে আসে সর্বপ্রথম... কিন্তু ইন্ডিয়াতে আবার এইটাকে 'কৃষ্ণ'র ফুল হিসাবে দেখা হয়... তাই সন্দেহ থেকেই যায় এই ফুলের সঠিক আগমন সম্পর্কে...



It was the year 2000 when I have first arrived at Dhaka. Beside the road of our building, I have seen this flower for the first time. It was a medium sized tree. That time I didn't know the name of the flower, but few days later I found it was Gulach/Gulchi from a local newspaper article.



There are very few flowers like this one in our country which are from large trees and having fragrances and beauties at the same time. This flower has five white petals having a touch of yellow starting from the center and fading away while reaching towards the brink of the petal. Very expensive perfumes are making now a days using the redolence of this flower.



I didn't see any pollination mechanism from the flower, so hard to say whether it produces any seeds or not. But one can easily propagate this flowering plant using a simple brunch cutting(grow instantly). Possibly this is the reason to call this flowering plant as "Tree of life" in India, and the flower of this tree is considered as the flower of their Lord Krishna.



This flower plant belongs to the plant family Apocynaceae (dogbane Family). Botanical name of the flower is Plumeria Spp. It known as white Frangipani, white Plumeria in English. In our country bangladesh, this is known as Gulach(গুলাচ), Gulchi(গুলচি), Gulachi Chapa(গুলচি চাপা), kath Chapa(কাঠ চাপা), Kath Golap(কাঠ গোলাপ), etc.




অর্ণবের একটা গান আছে "তোমার জন্য"... গানের মাঝে একটা লাইন হচ্ছে "কাঠ গোলাপের সাদার মায়ায় মিশিয়ে দিয়ে ভাবি... আবছা নীল তোমার লাগে ভালো...". কারো সময় থাকলে গান তা শুনে নিতে পারো... অনেক ফুলের কথাই বলা আছে গান টাতে...

Wednesday, August 10, 2011

Mignonette Flower(মেহেদী ফুল): Lawsonia inermis

মেহেদীতে হাত রাঙাতে অনেকেই দেখেছি... অনেক দিন পর্যন্ত জানতামই না এই গাছে ফুলও হয়... সম্ভবত বর্ষায় এই গাছে ফুল হয়... আমার বাসার কাছেই বেশ কয়েকটি মেহেদি গাছ আছে... অনেক দিন তুলি তুলি করে ফটো উঠানো হয়নি... আজকে অফিস যাবার এবং আসার পথে কিছু ছবি তুলে নিলাম...



We had a Mehedi(মেহেদী) tree at our village. Interestingly the height of the plant seemed always same to me every year, kind of fixed. That tree survived over 15 years, even though it faced a tough time during the massive flood of 1988. Today I am going to write a short note about Mehedi(মেহেদী) tree and my childhood one came across my mind.



This plant has several names in English(Henna, Reseda, Mignoette). In our part of the world, it is known as Mehedi(মেহেদী), Mehendi(মেহেন্দি), Mendi(মেন্দি), etc. This plant pertains to the plant family Lythraceae(Loosestrife family). Botanical name of the plant is Lawsonia inermis.



In Bangladesh, possibly this flower blooms during the rainy season with all its glory. Flower and the small round seeds from this plant have a nice redolence. Flowers are pale white in color and having six stamens with yellow filament. Ovary is at the middle with a stigma. Petals are wavy and crepe. Flowers are having as a bunch from the pinnacle of a brunch. During rainy season, using the a cutting, you can easily propagate to a new one.



This is a perennial plant having small glossy leafs that we are using years after year from the antiquity to give an exquisite look to our hairs. The extracts from the leafs are using to strengthen and coloring the hairs. That leaf juice is also responsible for creating an unique color that is using to draw designs over hands(kind of tattooing). Dying beards and coloring the nails are done using that too.



শাড়ি পরা যেকোনো তরুনীর আলতা অথবা মেহেদী রাঙ্গা পা আমার মন কে উদাস করে দেয়... যদিও এখনকার মেয়েদের কে আলতা বা মেহেদী দিয়ে আর পা রাঙাতে খুব একটা দেখা যায় না...

Friday, August 5, 2011

White Butterfly Clerodendrum(সাদা প্রজাপতি ফুল)

ফুলটি সম্পর্কে কারো কাছে অধিক তথ্য থাকলে নিচে মন্তব্য করুন...
If you know more about this flower, please comment below...

রাঙামাটির ঝিরি পথে ঘুরাঘুরি করার সময় ফুলটির দেখা পেয়ে গেলাম... দেখতে একদম প্রজাপতির মতন, সাদা রং এর... এইরকম কিছু ফুলের সন্ধান ইন্টারনেটে পাইলাম... কিন্তু সেগুলুর রং আলাদা হওয়ায় এইটাকে সঠিক ভাবে সনাক্ত করতে পারলাম না... হতে পারে এইটা একটা নতুন প্রজাতি...!!!



Another jungle flower from Bangladesh. I have seen this flower beside a stream inside jungle of Rangamati(রাঙামাটির) The plant seemed to me a perennial shrub having evergreen leafs.



I have searched over the internet, and found several flowers those are exactly identical to this flower and even the seeds and the leafs are identical too. Only problem is the color. Those are sometimes blue, and sometimes having one petal is blue.




Flower from this article is having pale while color, no other available. Shape of this flower is like a butterfly. It has five petals. Four petals(bisected two at either sides) forming a shape of butterfly, and the other petal(large and bottom one) forming the tail of a butterfly. The filaments of this flower are like the antenna of the butterfly. Those filaments are curvy and having yellow stamen at the apex. Seeds are black when ripen.



Flowers which are identical to this flower are Rotheca myricoides, Rotheca serrata, Clerodendrum Ugandense, etc. This flower obviously from the plant family Lamiaceae, but I failed to find the exact Botanical name of this one. Definitely this flower is endemic to our Hilly areas of Bangladesh.

ফুলের জন্য ভালবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

Thursday, August 4, 2011

Cinnamon Leaf(দারুচিনি পাতা) - Cinnamomum zeylanicum

আমার অফিসের পাশেই একটা দারচিনির গাছ আছে... প্রথমে আমরা সবাই এটাকে তেজপাতা গাছ বলে ধরে নিয়েছিলাম... গাছটার পাতা দেখতে অনেকটাই তেজপাতার মতন... কিন্তু পাতা থেকে কোনো গন্ধ আসছিলনা... সন্দেহ হওয়াতে খোজ খবর নিলাম... পরে মিলিয়ে দেখলাম আসলে এইটা একটা দারচিনি গাছ... গাছটার কচি পাতাগুলো খুব সুন্দর... সকলের দেখার জন্য দেয়া হলো...



Suddenly the Cinnamon tree beside my office started to generate new buds for its further exploration. Those colorful immature leafs from that cinnamon plant are nonetheless of a flower.




A mature cinnamon leaf usually looks similar to a 'Bay Leaf' with subtle difference. The new buds from the tree have a lovely color. It is something dark red and having lovely foliage. If you check the images from the article, you'll find how adorable those glossy cinnamon leafs are.




This plant pertains to the family Lauraceae(Lauren family). Scientific name of the plant is Cinnamomum zeylanicum. This is known as Cinnamon widely. In Bangladesh this is known as Darchini(দারচিনি), Daruchini(দারুচিনি), etc. The bark from this plant are widely using as spice in Asia.



If you are further interested about this evergreen plant, you can check it from WikiPedia.

Tuesday, August 2, 2011

Golden Dew Drop - Duranta erecta



First time I have seen this beautiful garden flower at Rangamati(রাঙামাটি) where people are using this plant widely at their gardens for extra attraction. It's a shrubby(sometimes vine) type of plant and evergreen. Produces lot of tinny violet flowers at a time.



This flowering plant belongs to the plant family Verbenaceae. It has several common names across the world, such as Pigeon Berry, Sky Flower, Golden Dew Drop, etc. Scientific name of the flower is Duranta erecta. But several synonyms available, such as Duranta repens, Duranta plumieri, Duranta ellisia.



These flowers are usually very small in size. Leafs are lens shaped and has a lovely foliage. Flowers are even smaller than the leafs. Color of the flower is light violet. It has five petals and the bottom two petals are having deep violet stripe at the middle. Center of the flower has a touch of golden color which can be a reason behind it's nomenclature.



This flower is not native to our country Bangladesh. We are just using this flowering plant at gardens. But it is recommended to keep the plant away from kids. Attractive colorful fruits from this plant is highly toxic.



Images were captured from Rangamati(রাঙামাটি) during July 2011. WikiPedia has some details about this flower.

Please comment if you know more about this flower...

Monday, August 1, 2011

Basabo Buddhist Monastery(বাসাবো বৌদ্ধ মন্দির)

Saturday, 30 July 2011



Dhaka is the city of mosque and we are blessed with myriad of mosques at this compacted town. Comparing to Muslims, there are very few people from Bangladesh are having Buddhist in religion and which reflects to the number of their prayer halls.



Dharmarajika Buddhist Monastery(ধর্মরাজিকা বৌদ্ধ মন্দির) is such a prayer hall(also known as Bashabo Buddha Mondir, বাসাবো বৌদ্ধ মন্দির) located inside the Dhaka city. It was built during 1962 to conduct their activities for Buddhist community along side the prayer, teaching, and meditation.



It is very easy to reach the Monastery. You can come to Bashabo(বাসাবো) from any part of the Dhaka easily. This is just beside the Kamlapur(কমলাপুর) area. From there just ask anyone, and they will show you to way to the Monastery.



This temple has a medium sized pond inside and beside this you'll find a large golden status of Buddha standing on the Lotus. Also you'll find the teaching(Pali Language) center and the prayer hall inside the premise.



Monastery is open as long as the day light is on. During their main festival, it will be the most crowded and exciting place for a visitor(I'll try next time...).