Tuesday, November 15, 2011

Doi Gota Ful(দই গোটা ফুল) - Bixa orellana

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At today's(15 November 2011, Tuesday) Prothom Alo(প্রথম আলো) newspaper, just found an article related to Bixa orellana(দই গোটা ফুল). Written by Mokaram Hossain(মোকারম হোসেন), I have few books of him at my shelf. I have seen Doi Gota Ful(দই গোটা ফুল) at Bandarban(বান্দরবান), but didn't know the exact name. Mokaram's article just helped me to know more about the flower and now I am sharing with you. You'll find the newspaper's article and the link at the bottom of the article.

Lovely pinkish white flower.

Our today's plant is Lipstick Tree. The common names for this tree around the world is Annato, Urucum, Achiote, etc. This is native to Brazil, South America and later dispersed by the Spaniards during 17th Century. In our country Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ), this is known as Doi Gota(দই গোটা). Botanical name of the plant is Bixa orellana. It pertains to the plant family Bixaceae. People are using the seeds of this tree to extract color which later used at cooking, coloring, etc.

These plants are mainly shrubby types(occasionally as tree) and having 6-20 fts tall. Leafs are medium sized and not that much attractive. Flowers are slight pinkish white in color. It has separated five petals with plenty of filaments at the middle of the flower. As the flowers are attractive, people are using this as an ornamental plant at their garden. Flowers used to bloom during and after the rainy season in our country(season rainy and autumn).

Fruits covered with soft thorns.

Fruits are not tasty and having very soft thorns around. Seeds are very hard and deep red in color, people are using those seeds to extract colors. South American Indigenous people are using that color to paint their bodies since long past. Philippines is the country that is cultivating this seeds on a large scale now a days for industrial dyeing, and cosmetics.

Photos of this article were taken by my colleagues from Bandarban(বান্দরবান) during our tour at November 2009. The tree was beside the Boga Lake, and it was a lovely sunny day!

Below is the news that was on today's newspaper.
Tuesday, November 15, 2011, Page 28(Noksha -8), Prothom Alo(প্রথম আলো).

Link of the news at Prothom Alo(প্রথম আলো) November 15, 2011.

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