Wednesday, January 6, 2016

Common iora (ফটিকজল পাখি) - Aegithina tiphia

Bengali Name : Fotikjol (ফটিকজল).
Common Name : Common iora, Indian Iora.
Binomial/Scientific Name : Aegithina tiphia
Family : Aegithinidae

Common iora is a very restless small little bird from our Indian subcontinent that is very much available in our Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ). It belongs to the bird family Aegithinidae and binomial name of the bird is Aegithina tiphia. In Bengali we call the bird as Fotikjol (ফটিকজল). It has several other common names in English such as Indian iora, Black-winged iora, etc.

This small bird is having the primary color is greenish yellow (or olive). The upper part is darker in color while the underpart is lighter in color. The wings are black (or greenish black) with a touch of prominent white. The male and female birds are slightly different from each other during the breeding season. Male birds use to have a black cap and more black at the wing and upper part during the breeding season. The feet and beak of the bird is having a color of lead.

Common iroa can be seen more or less everywhere in Bangladesh including human proximity and forest. This small bird can not fly that much in a single go. They are very restless and always keep moving from one branch to another. Most of the time they use to remain under the leafs and searching for small insects. That is why they are slightly harder to notice despite of their loud calls.

They have several calls but I have heard one during one of my traveling. It was something like fo-tik-jol fo-tik-jol and they were continuously making that call. I believe it is a reason behind the bird having a Bengali name Fotikjol(ফটিকজল).

Can you see the bird inside the leafs?

Common iora's breeding season is the rainy season (June-August). Both the male and female work together to prepare the nest. They mostly feed on the small insects, larva, etc. The female lays 2-4 eggs, but most cases seen 3 eggs inside the nest.

Photos of this article were taken from the following location of Bangladesh:
01) 07 November 2014: Pakutia, Tangail (পাকুটিয়া, টাঙ্গাইল).
02) 06 March 2015: National Botanical Garden, Dhaka.

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog

শেষ বিকেলের পাখী, আমি যাযাবর...

Monday, December 7, 2015

Bohera ful (বহেড়া ফুল) - Terminalia bellirica

Bengali Name : Bohera (বহেড়া), Bahera (বহেড়া), Baheda (বহেড়া).
Common Name : Bahera, Belliric Myrobalan, Beach Almond.
Botanical Name : Terminalia bellirica
Synonym : Myrobalanus bellirica
Family : Combretaceae

Today I am going to write about a medicinal plant that is very popular in this Indian subcontinent since the ancient time. Locally the plant is known as Bohera or Boheda (বহেড়া). Binomial name of the plant is Terminalia bellirica and it belongs to the plant family Combretaceae. This plant is native to our Indian region but having few other common names such as Beach almond, Belliric Myrobalan, etc.

Though this plant is abundantly seen at our neighboring countries, but not frequently seen in our country Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) these days. It is a tall growing plant that can reach up to 20 meter in height. The shape of the leaf are elliptic and having a long petiole. The veins of the leaf are alternately arranged. Young leafs are coffee/reddish in color.

Flowers are not that much attractive from Bohera (বহেড়া) plant. Small flowers borne around a long spike that arises from the axil of the leaf. The flowers are greenish-yellowish in color and the center of the flower is maroon (or dark pink) in color. Flowers are having 10-12 prominent long stamens which are much noticeable rather then the flowers. It produces almond like fruits having a hard shell around.

Bohera (বহেড়া) is highly revered in Indian herbal medicine since the ancient time. The Bohera (বহেড়া) fruit is one of fruit from the Triphala (ত্রিফলা) [means three fruits] that is mentioned in Ayurveda. Few of the medicinal uses are against stomach disorders (diarrhea, dysentery, etc), stomach worms, sooth the cough, etc. Some people believe that taking a deep breath under this tree (regularly) can make a person healthy and cure from several diseases (I don't have any reference right now!).

Photos of this article were taken from Bangladesh as mentioned below:
1) April, May 2015: Ramna park, Dhaka (রমনা পার্ক, ঢাকা).

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog

Sunday, November 22, 2015

Pink Swamp Mallow - Abelmoschus sagittifolius

Bengali Name : ?
Common Name : Pink swamp mallow, Creeping Pink Swamp Hibiscus.
Botanical Name : Abelmoschus sagittifolius
Synonym : Abelmoschus coccineus
Family : Malvaceae (mallow family)

There are lot of foreign flowers in Bangladesh which are not often seen but have the potential adaptability with our environment and weather. The Pink Swamp Mallow is one such flower. It belongs to the plant family Malvaceae. Binomial name of the plant is Abelmoschus sagittifolius. This plant is native around the Eastern Asian region and was first mentioned by the German botanist Wilhelm Sulpiz Kurz.

Pink Swamp Mallow is a small growing herbaceous plant that can reach around a meter in height at max (most of the cases). This plant is hairy and having rough foliage. Leafs are having variable shape (near to a shape of an arum or palmate). Leafs are having a long petiole. This is a perennial plant and can be easily confused with few other plants from the same family.

A closer look to the stigma of the flower.

Flowers are showy and a typical hibiscus architecture. Color of the flower is pink or rosy with having a centered white. It has five petals and arranged as flat. The long style of the flower is thoroughly covered with yellow stamens. At the top of the style the flower has five pink stigma. These flowers are not scented.

This particular species is grown as an ornamental plant. But at where it grows naturally, such places are wetlands, paddy fields, edge of the forest, etc. I have first seen this plant bearing flowers at Road #19 at Banani, Dhaka. Later I have found few of the plants at the Nursery of Ramna Park, Dhaka.

A capsul like fruit of Pink Swamp Mallow.

Photos of this article were taken from Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) as mentioned below:
1) 24 June 2015: Banani, Dhaka (বনানী ঢাকা).
2) 13 September 2014: Romna park, Dhaka (রমনা পার্ক, ঢাকা).

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog