Friday, November 25, 2016

Apple flower (আপেল ফুল) - Malus pumila

Bengali Name : Apel (আপেল ফুল).
Common Name : Apple.
Botanical Name : Malus pumila
Family : Rosaceae (rose family)
Photo Taken : Ireland

More or less we all know about the popular fruit Apple. Apple plant belongs to the plant family Rosaceae where all the roses reside. Similar to the roses an Apple flower is also very beautiful. This is cultivated as a fruit tree worldwide, but could have been a flowering tree easily had it not been bear the sweet fruits.

Binomial name of the Apple plant is Malus pumila. It doesn't have any other common name. In Bengali we call this as Apel (আপেল). Origin of Apple is Europe and Asia. Later it was introduced in North america by the European colonists.

Apple is a small to medium sized deciduous tree. If the plant grows from a seed then it can be a large one, but a tree from cutting usually become a small one. A tree can grow up to 15 ft in height (in wild up to 40 ft). Oval shaped leafs are alternately arranged. Leafs are toothed at margin.

Apple flowers are delicately beautiful similar to roses. Color of the flower is pinkish white (or rosy white). Flower is having five petals. Shape of the petal is similar to a spoon. Flowers bloom in a small cluster. Central flower from the cluster (that blooms first) is slightly larger one and later that has a chance to become slightly a larger apple.

Apple fruits are usually less than a tennis ball size (many varieties are small apples). Color and size of the fruit can vary based on the cultivars. The Fruit is slightly juicy and contains few small brown seeds. Most of the portion of the fruit is edible.

We usually eat Apple as raw fruit. Pie and sauce can be made from apple. Apple juice is a popular one. Cider and vinegar can be made from fermented Apple.

We have worked in this garden voluntarily. This is before cleaning the apple garden.

We have worked in this garden voluntarily. This is after cleaning the garden.

Photos of this article were taken from the following places of Ireland:
1) May 2016: Dublin City University.
2) August 2016: Botanic garden

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Tomato flower (টমেটো ফুল) - Solanum lycopersicum

Bengali Name : Tomato (টমেটো).
Common Name : Tomato.
Botanical Name : Solanum lycopersicum
Family : Solanaceae
Photo Taken : Bangladesh

Tomato is a very popular fruit that can be found in many foods (we even don't know those contains tomato). Most of the world's popular fast food contains some form of tomato directly or indirectly. For example, apart from Salad it can be in Ketchup, Sauce, Puree, etc. How many of us have seen the flower of tomato?

Origin of the Tomato is South america. It spread by the Spaniards when they have conquered America during 15th century. Now a days it grows everywhere in the world commercially. We have plenty of variety of tomato. Botanical name of Tomato is Solanum lycopersicum. It belongs to the plant family Solanaceae. In Bangladesh we call this as Tomato (টমেটো).

Tomato (টমেটো) plant is an annual herb plant that grows as a vine (or erect bush). Plant is hairy (both stem and leaf) and has a very nice smell. Leafs are pinnate those have toothed leaflets (I am not sure what this shape of leaf is called).

Green tomato. It becomes red when ripen.

Tomato flower (টমেটো ফুল) is yellow in color. It has six lobbed petals those forms a star. Flower has yellow filaments those protrude outwards and covers the style of the flower. Flowers bloom as a cluster. Fruits are berry type and contains plenty of seeds. Inside the fruit is juicy.

Green tomato around the vine.

Tomato (টমেটো) can be eaten as raw, cooked, or processed. There are lot of dishes available those are made from tomato. Also a lot of dishes available which uses another form of tomato (i.e. sauce, puree, etc). Tomato is a great source of vitamin were the vitamin C is predominant.

Green tomato around the vine.

In Bangladesh we use to grow this plant commercially. It is mainly a winter crop here. But people are growing this throughout the year.

Photos of this article were taken from the following places of Bangladesh:
1) February 2015: Rupganj, Narayanganj (রূপগঞ্জ, নারায়ণগঞ্জ).
2) January 2016: Jamalpur (জামালপুর).

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog

Saturday, November 19, 2016

Indian silverbill (চাঁদিঠোঁট মুনিয়া) - Euodice malabarica

Bengali Name : Munia pakhi (মুনিয়া পাখি), Chandi-thot munia (চাঁদি-ঠোঁট মুনিয়া).
Common Name : Indian silverbill.
Binomial/Scientific Name : Euodice malabarica
Synonym : Lonchura malabarica
Family : Estrildidae
Photo Taken : Bangladesh

Previously I've written about the bird Scaly-breasted munia. This time it is another Munia bird named Indian silverbill. This bird is also known as White-throated munia. In Bangladesh in general this bird is known as Munia (মুনিয়া). But Bengali academic name per birdwatchers is Chandi-thot munia (চাঁদিঠোঁট মুনিয়া).

White rump of the Indian silverbill (চাঁদিঠোঁট মুনিয়া) is visible.

Binomial name of the bird is Euodice malabarica with a synonym Lonchura malabarica. It belongs to the bird family Estrildidae. This bird is native to Bangladesh and South asian region. It was introduced in many other countries later.

Indian silverbill (চাঁদিঠোঁট মুনিয়া) is a small sized bird similar to the finch or sparrow. Upper side of the bird's color is brown with the edges of the wings are dark brown. Front side of the bird is whitish. Upper portion of the tail (or rump) of the bird has white spots. Those spots are mostly visible while flying and less visible while perching.

Beak of the bird is conical and color is silver-grey. Both male and female birds are similar. They use to forage in a small group. They mostly forage over the paddy fields, open grassland as they mainly live on the grains.

This bird is not good at making nests. It prefers to make nest on thorny acacia plant. They sometimes seen reusing the nest of Baya weaver birds (after abandoned by the weaver). One such nest can hold up to 8 eggs from the female. Later both male and female do the incubation.

Photos of this article were taken from the following places of Bangladesh:
1) December 2014: Keraniganj, Dhaka (কেরানীগঞ্জ, ঢাকা).

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog