Monday, September 5, 2016

Baya weaver (বাবুই পাখি) - Ploceus philippinus

Bengali Name : Babui Pakhi (বাবুই পাখি), Baoi Pakhi (বাওই পাখি).
Common Name : Baya weaver.
Binomial/Scientific Name : Ploceus philippinus
Family : Ploceidae
Photo Taken : Bangladesh






কদিন আগেই চড়ুই পাখি নিয়ে লিখতে যেয়ে লিখেছিলাম, আজকে আবারো সেই ছোট বেলার খুব পরিচিত ছড়াটি লিখছি, বাবুই পাখিকে নিয়ে লিখছি বলে।
বাবুই পাখিরে ডাকি বলিছে চড়াই,
কুঁড়ে ঘরে থেকে করো শিল্পের বড়াই।


বাবুইকে বলা হয় শিল্পী পাখি। এতো সুন্দর দক্ষতার সাথে নিপুন ভাবে বাসা বুনে যা মানুষের পক্ষে সম্ভব বলে আমি মনে করিনা। এক সময় আমাদের দেশে অনেক বাবুই পাখি দেখা যেত। এখন অনেক অনেক কম দেখা যায়। এখন হয়তো অনেক গ্রামের কোনো ছেলেকে বললেও সে বাবুই পাখির বাসা চিনবে না। অথচ আগে গ্রামে গ্রামে খেজুর বা তাল নারকেল গাছে অসংখ্য বাবুইয়ের বাসা ঝুলে থাকতে দেখা যেত, আর শোনা যেত পাখির কিচিরমিচির। এতো ঝড় বাদলেও কখনো বাসা ছিড়ে পড়তে দেখিনি, যদিও মনে হতো এই বুঝি পরে গেলো। এই বাবুই পাখিকে নিয়ে অনেক গান, অনেক কবিতা আছে বাংলায়। আমার খুব পছন্দের একটি গান নিচে দিয়ে দিচ্ছি।

আমি রঙ্গিলা বাওই (বাবুই),
ঘর বান্ধিয়া ঘরের বাইরের রই।






Last time I wrote about the bird House sparrow. Today I am going to write about the bird Baya weaver that is having much similarity with the sparrow bird (if you look it from distance). This bird is being applauded for its artistic nest making ability. Indeed they are one of the world's finest nest makers.





In Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) we call this bird as Babui (বাবুই পাখি). In different dialect we call it Baoi (বাওই). Common name of the bird is Baya weaver. Bionomial name is Ploceus philippinus. It belongs to the bird family Ploceidae. This bird is mainly native to Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asian region. Once upon a time we had plenty of Baya weavers in Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ). But in recent days they are decreasing due to their habit lost.





Baya weaver (বাবুই পাখি) is a small sparrow sized bird. Color of the bird is brownish with black streaked from behind. From the front it looks brownish. Both male and female birds look alike most of the seasons. But during breeding season the male bird gets a nice bright yellow color at head, near neck and shoulder. That makes the male bird more beautiful that time. The beak of the bird is conical that is suitable for picking grains and small seeds.





Baya weavers (বাবুই পাখি) are a gregarious bird. They use to forage together and also use to make their nests at same location. In our country they use to make their nest on Palm tree, Date tree and sometimes on Raintree trees. On that single such tree contains numerous nests hanging from the leafs or branches. Sometimes a tree can host up to several hundred of nests.





It is not like that the bird is picking a random tree and started making their nest. They are very choosy about selecting the tree and location. They always prefer the place near the water and having adequate source of foods. But most prime factor is the availability of the nesting materials. They use an specific grass to make their nest. From Bangladesh as those grasses are vanishing, as an effect this Baya weaver (বাবুই পাখি) birds are also losing their habit.


Nest of Baya weaver (বাবুই পাখি).



During the breeding season (monsoon, in Bangladesh during July/August) the male starts to make the nest. It takes a lot of experience to make such a fine nest. By making a beautiful nest the male bird uses to attract the females. The young birds at early days can not make such a nice nest and hence remains bachelor. But after several years they become an expert too. After finishing the nest it initially looks green, and the females only like the green nests. As long as the nest remains green, the male uses to flap its wing and try to attract the female to inspect his nest. If the female likes it then the male is the winer. If he fails to attract any female before the nest faded away, then he has to start it over again to make another nest.


Nest of Baya weaver (বাবুই পাখি).



The nest is hanging upside down from the branch or hard leafs (i.e. palm or date leafs). Initially they make a knot on the leaf or branch (and that is the hardest part). After that they starts weaving using the selected grasses. The nests are artistically weaved with a quality of finishing (probably impossible for a human being to produce such thing). They only use their beaks during the weaving.


Nest of Baya weaver (বাবুই পাখি).



This bird mostly depends upon the grains, small seeds, and small insects. They use to take the ripen crops from the fields thats why sometimes they are considered as invasive.


Nest of Baya weaver (বাবুই পাখি).



























Photos of this article were taken from the following locations of Bangladesh:
1) November 2014: Nest of bird from
   Atkandi, Narshingdi, Bangladesh (আটকান্দি, নরসিংদী, বাংলাদেশ).
2) January 2015: Nest of bird from Pirojpur, Bangladesh (পিরোজপুর, বাংলাদেশ).
3) January 2015: Keraniganj, Dhaka, Bangladesh (কেরানীগঞ্জ, ঢাকা, বাংলাদেশ).
4) February 2015: Rupganj, Narayanganj, Bangladesh (রূপগঞ্জ, নারায়ণগঞ্জ, বাংলাদেশ).


This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog http://icwow.blogspot.com/



Monday, August 29, 2016

House sparrow (চড়ুই পাখি) - Passer domesticus

Bengali Name : Chorui pakhi (চড়ুই পাখি), Chorai (চড়াই পাখি).
Common Name : House sparrow.
Binomial/Scientific Name : Passer domesticus
Family : Passeridae
Photo Taken : Bangladesh, India



A male House sparrow (পুরুষ চড়ুই পাখি) from India.



"বাবুই পাখিরে ডাকি বলিছে চড়াই, কুঁড়ে ঘরে থেকে করো শিল্পের বড়াই।" ছোট বেলার খুব পরিচিত একটি ছড়া। যতই মানুষের বাসার কোনা কানায় বাসা বানাক না কেন, ঐরকম বাসা বানাতেও অনেক পরিশ্রমের দরকার হয়। আমাদের আজকের পাখির নাম মানুষের কাছাকাছি থাকা এই চড়ুই পাখি (বা চড়াই পাখি)। ছোট বেলায় সকালে ঘুম ভাঙতো চড়ুই পাখির কিচিরমিচিরে। আমাদের বাসার ব্যালকনিতে চড়ুই এসে বসতো ৮ থেকে ১০ টার ছোট ঝাঁকে। বাংলায় চড়ুইভাতি বলে একটা শব্দ আছে। ছোট বাচ্চারা সবাই মিলে অল্প কিছু রান্না করে বনভোজনের (হয়তো অন্য কোনো শব্দ হবে) মতন মজা করে খায়। আমরা যখন করেছি ছোট বেলায় তখন একজন একমুঠ চাল, একজন একটু ডাল, একজন একটু আলু, এমনি করে কিছু কিছু জোগাড় করে করতাম চড়ুইভাতি। হয়তো চড়ুইয়ের মতন অল্প অল্প করে সব জোগাড় করে অল্প করে রান্না করার জন্যই এই নাম 'চড়ুইভাতি'। যাই হোক, আলোচনার বিষয় চড়ুই পাখি।


A male House sparrow (পুরুষ চড়ুই পাখি) from Bangladesh.



One of the most common birds from Bangladesh, House sparrow. I believe there will be none in Bangladesh who cannot identify this bird. Apart from the domestic birds, probably the House sparrows are the most nearby living birds to the human. They not only forage near the human resident but also do not bother to make their nest around the human houses.


A female House sparrow (স্ত্রী চড়ুই পাখি) from India.



Name of the bird is House sparrow. Binomial name is Passer domesticus. From both the names we can get the idea about their proximity with human. In Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) this bird is known as Chorui (চড়ুই পাখি). But based on the region the bird's name is pronounced in different way in our country. This bird is one of the first birds to be listed in modern system of biological classification. This bird belongs to the bird family Passeridae.


A female House sparrow (স্ত্রী চড়ুই পাখি) from Bangladesh.



House sparrow (চড়ুই পাখি) is a very small sized bird having mostly colored with brown (and streaked) at back and dull white at front. The male and female birds are easily distinguishable. Male birds are slightly larger and brighter than female. Male is having a black color around the head, eyes, and near the throat. Beak of the bird is conical. In my observation the male birds are having black beak and female birds are having pink or nonblack beak. Juvenile House sparrow birds are having similarity with females.


A flock of House sparrow (চড়ুই পাখি) from India.



House sparrow (চড়ুই পাখি) birds are gregarious birds. This bird mainly diet on the small grains and seeds. They make their nest near the human beings (house, factory, ventilator, etc). Female lays 3-6 white (bluish or greenish) eggs. Female mostly incubates the eggs and takes around two weeks to hatch. Both parents feed the young birds for two weeks before they leave for their own.


A flock of House sparrow (চড়ুই পাখি) from India.



The size of a sparrow bird can be considered as an unit of bird size. For example another bird can be described as the size of a House sparrow.


A female House sparrow (স্ত্রী চড়ুই পাখি) from India preening.



A male House sparrow (পুরুষ চড়ুই পাখি) from Bangladesh.



A male House sparrow (পুরুষ চড়ুই পাখি) from India.



A male House sparrow (পুরুষ চড়ুই পাখি) from Bangladesh.



A male House sparrow (পুরুষ চড়ুই পাখি) from India.



Photos of these House sparrow birds (চড়ুই পাখি) were taken from several places of Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) and India.


This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog http://icwow.blogspot.com/



Saturday, July 9, 2016

Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) - Metopidius indicus

Bengali Name : Jolpipi (জলপিপি), Dolpipi (দলপিপি).
Common Name : Bronze-winged jacana.
Binomial/Scientific Name : Metopidius indicus
Family : Jacanidae (jacana family)
Photo Taken : Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ)






Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) was a common bird in Bangladesh around the wetlands. Once upon a time we had plenty of these birds. But this days the counts are decreasing. With the increasing of our population the amount of wetland in Bangladesh is decreasing. That's why this bird is not getting an adequate amount of breeding space, hence decreasing.


A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).



In Bangladesh we call this bird as Jolpipi (জলপিপি) or Dolpipi (দলপিপি). But I like the name Jolpipi (জলপিপি) monst. The call of the bird is pi-pi-pi-pi-pi that's why in Bengali we call this bird as Jolpipi (জলপিপি). The English name is Bronze-winged jacana for the beautiful bronze colored wings. Binomial name of the bird is Metopidius indicus (it is the only member of the genus Metopidius) and belongs to the family Jacanidae. This bird is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia.


A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) foraging over waterlily leaf.



Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) are a small domestic hen sized bird (actually much smaller one) with very long feet and long claw. Male and female are similar where females are slightly larger than the males. The main color of the bird is dark black (front, neck, lower part) with a beautiful long white stripe at eyes (or behind eyes). The wings are bronze in color (or you can say brown). Near the tail the bird has reddish (or maroon) in color.


Dark reddish portion of the bird is visible.



Dark reddish portion of the bird is visible.



This bird has a yellowish beak which is slight coated as red at upper portion. Long feet are yellowish (or grey in color). For the juvenile bird the neck and upper portion is reddish brown in color and the lower portion is white. It also has a thick white stripe at the both side of the head. Wings are brownish in color. Juveniles do not have any red coat at beak.





This bird mainly forage around the wetland. Using their big claw it can easily move over the floating lives and plants easily. Main diets of the bird are insects, earthworms, snails, etc. I have seen them picking the snails from the waterlily leafs. A normal sized waterlily leaf is enough to hold this bird's weight. Even if the leaf gets drowning under water the bird quickly move into another one. It was a lovely scene to watch, specially the juvenile's movement.


A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).



The female Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) bird has an interesting feature. She uses to maintain a group of males on her territory. She lays a clutch of eggs and then assign a male to take care of it. She doesn't take part for the incubation, instead she lays another clutch of eggs into another different area and assign another male. With such idea a female can lay 4-6 times during a breeding season.


A pair of Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) foraging around water hyacinths.



A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).



A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).



A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).



A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).









Photos of this article were taken from the following locations:
 1) November 2014: Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh.
 2) February 2015: Rupganj, Narayanganj, Bangladesh (রূপগঞ্জ, নারায়ণগঞ্জ, বাংলাদেশ).
 3) September 2015: Kolkata Botanic Garden, India.


This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog http://icwow.blogspot.com/